a nanoparticle formulation of pterostilbene

NanoStilbene PK Study

NanoStilbene Administration Results in Superior Pharmacokinetic Profi­le Compared to Pterostilbene Administration

NanoStilbene Clinical Trial in Cancer

These results suggest that NanoStilbene may be a useful adjuvant to immunotherapy of cancer rescuing T cell and NK cell activities.

Pterostilbene Literature Review

Cancer and Pterostilbene Comprehensive Literature Review

Paper of Interest

J Agric Food Chem.2002 Jun 5;50(12):3453-7.
Cancer chemopreventive and antioxidant activities of pterostilbene, a naturally occurring analogue of resveratrol.
Rimando AM1, Cuendet M, Desmarchelier C, Mehta RG, Pezzuto JM, Duke SO.

Pterostilbene, a natural methoxylated analogue of resveratrol, was evaluated for antioxidative potential. The peroxyl-radical scavenging activity of pterostilbene was the same as that of resveratrol, having total reactive antioxidant potentials of 237 +/- 58 and 253 +/- 53 microM, respectively. Both compounds were found to be more effective than Trolox as free radical scavengers. Using a plant system, pterostilbene also was shown to be as effective as resveratrol in inhibiting electrolyte leakage caused by herbicide-induced oxidative damage, and both compounds had the same activity as alpha-tocopherol. Pterostilbene showed moderate inhibition (IC50 = 19.8 microM) of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, and was weakly active (IC50 = 83.9 microM) against COX-2, whereas resveratrol strongly inhibited both isoforms of the enzyme with IC50 values of approximately 1 microM. Using a mouse mammary organ culture model, carcinogen-induced preneoplastic lesions were, similarly to resveratrol, significantly inhibited by pterostilbene (ED50 = 4.8 microM), suggesting antioxidant activity plays an important role in this process.

PMID: 12033810

Stomach Cancer

J Agric Food Chem.2007 Sep 19;55(19):7777-85. Epub 2007 Aug 16.

Pterostilbene induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human gastric carcinoma cells.

Pan MH1, Chang YH, Badmaev V, Nagabhushanam K, Ho CT.

Author information


Pterostilbene, an active constituent of blueberries, is known to possess anti-inflammatory activity and also induces apoptosis in various types of cancer cells. Here, the effects of pterostilbene on cell viability in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells were investigated. This study demonstrated that pterostilbene was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Pterostilbene-induced cell death was characterized with changes in nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and cell morphology. The molecular mechanism of pterostilbene-induced apoptosis was also investigated. The results show the caspase-2, -3, -8, and -9 are all activated by pterostilbene, together with cleavage of the downstream caspase-3 target DNA fragmentation factor (DFF-45) and poly(ADP-riobse) polymerase. Moreover, the results indicate that the Bcl-family of proteins, the mitochondrial pathway, and activation of the caspase cascade are responsible for pterostilbene-induced apoptosis. Pterostilbene markedly enhanced the expression of growth arrest DNA damage-inducible gene 45 and 153 (GADD45 and GADD153) in a time-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that pterostilbene blocked cell cycle progression at G1 phase in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Pterostilbene increased the p53, p21, p27, and p16 proteins and decreased levels of cyclin A, cyclin E, cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2), Cdk4, and Cdk6, but the expression of cyclin D1 was not affected. Over a 24 h exposure to pterostilbene, the degree of phosphorylation of Rb was decreased after 6 h. In summary, pterostilbene induced apoptosis in AGS cells through activating the caspase cascade via the mitochondrial and Fas/FasL pathway, GADD expression, and by modifying cell cycle progress and changes in several cycle-regulating proteins. The induction of apoptosis by pterostilbene may provide a pivotal mechanism of the antitumor effects and for treatment of human gastric cancer.

PMID: 17696482

Frequently Asked Questions

Learn More About It!

What is Pterostilbene?

Pterostilbene is a natural dietary compound found in blueberries. We use the syntheic version due to limited amounts occuring naturally in the berries.

how much nanostilbene should i take daily?

We recommend up to 300mg daily which is approx 1.5 milliliters. However many find that 200mg daily is also suffice, therefore a range of 200-300mg daily is recommended.

can it be applied topically?

Yes small amounts may be applied locally but remember at 200mg per ml it is highly concentrated with a single drop containing 10mg.

What is nanostilbene?

NanoStilbene  is an easily absorbed nanoemulsion of nanoparticle pterostilbene in the range of 75-100nm at a concentration of 200 milligrams per milliliter

what is the concentration of nanostilbene?

NanoStilbene contains 200mg per ml or approximately 10mg per drop.

where can i obtain nanostilbene?

NanoStilbene can be obtained at our e-commerce site.